Human's deceases

How to save memory and improve concentration?

April 6, 2016

How to save memory and improve concentration – a simple solution to a complex problem.

The daily flow of information which is dumped on us like an avalanche, makes us think about how to improve memory and concentration. Today, this issue is relevant not only for the elderly, but also for students and knowledge workers, in other words, for the vast majority.
The daily flow of information which is dumped on us like an avalanche, makes us think about how to improve memory and concentration. Today, this issue is relevant not only for the elderly, but also for students and knowledge workers, in other words, for the vast majority.

Human memory – the most precious thing given to man

Memory – is a complex neuropsychological cognitive process by which the fixation, accumulation and reproduction of the information received from the environment. Human memory is unique, it allows a person to feel individual. Deprived of memory, a person loses his own “I” becomes confused and disoriented. Any event in life, any impression or experience do not pass without a trace, they remain fixed for a long time and then used as a personal life experience of the individual.

Depending on the sense organs that participated in the human perception of new information, allocate such memory typology:

  • The visual (visual) memory.
  • Sound (auditory) memory.
  • Flavour memory.
  • Painful memory.
  • The motor (kinesthetic) memory.

By the nature of mental activity distinguishes between the following types of memory:

Emotional memory – retains experienced human feelings and emotions.
Motor Memory – stores the produced movement and action.
The image memory – allows a person to remember visual images or sounds, forms of association.
Semantic (verbal) memory – is responsible for the preservation of already heard, read or spoken words.

For the duration of data storage Two distinct types of memory:

Short-term memory. A distinctive feature is the preservation of a sufficient summary information and forgetting immediately after the play.

Long-term memory. It is characterized by long-term retention of the material after repeated its repetition and reproduction.

Memory is not a single function, it consists of a chain of independent mnemonic processes by which the perception occurs, preserve and further reproduction of information in the brain. The name “mnemonic” ( “mnemonic”) comes from the Greek goddess Mnemosyne memory, which, according to the ancient Greeks, and gives people the memory. Through mnemonic processes, all human feelings and perceptions do not disappear without a trace, and form certain skills, abilities and knowledge. All these processes are interrelated and tested in strict sequence.

Memory – this is the first stage of the processing of new material, its fastening (receipt of new data and entering them into the memory). Memory can be both involuntary and consciously undertaken and performed by using of any receptions (memorizing).

Followed by preservation (retention) and playback (extract necessary information, its use for the task). The higher the degree of importance of this information for the person, the better and more reliably performed its preservation. Accordingly, qualitatively affect the organized storage storing information and reproduction depends on the degree of conservation.

Also isolated recognition, which is characterized by the appearance of a kind of feeling of familiarity when re-perception of an action or event has taken place in the past.

From early childhood the ability to remember and memorize gradually improving, reaching its maximum in 20 – 25 years. At such a high level memory is saved up to 40-45 years, and then gradually fading occurs active mnestical activities, especially memorizing new material. In old age, the law works “reverse memory door”, which is characterized by poor ability to remember new and current events and playing childhood memories.

Only upon successful interaction mnemonic processes people can lead active, fulfilling and comfortable life. Their activity depends on the psycho-emotional state of a person, physical illness, overwork, lack of sleep, etc. Impaired memory and attention are also noted for liver diseases, after suffering head injuries, while carbon monoxide poisoning, with a deficiency of vitamin B1, depression and nervousness.

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