Pancreas: symptoms and diagnosis of diseases
The pancreas, in spite of its small size, about 20 cm, has a very important role in the work of the entire digestive system of man. It produces pancreatic juice. The juice contains enzymes that break down the food, allow the body to digest and absorb protein, fat and carbohydrates. Pancreas regulates blood glucose by producing insulin and glucagon. And in fact, glucose is the main energy supplier for the person and protects the heart from stress overload. Allocation data of enzymes in a balanced and harmonious.
In the case of an unbalanced diet can cause inflammation of the pancreas – pancreatitis. Thus, overeating, and fatty foods, fried foods and supplements excessively sharp require huge amounts of enzymes, thereby increasing the load on the pancreas.
- Alcohol contrary, suppresses the precipitation of enzymes. Stress also disrupts the normal work of the gland. If cholelithiasis (clogged duct stone) self-digestion of the pancreas may occur and damage, both of the body and all around. Under the risk of pancreatic diseases fall pregnant women. This occurs just after birth due to a sharp increase in the amount of pancreatic juice in the body. The development of pancreatitis possibly due to injury, on the background of duodenal inflammation, metabolic disorders and liver cirrhosis.
Pancreatitis specialists defined as acute, chronic and reactive.
Acute pancreatitis – a disease with serious complications. Symptoms appear suddenly and simultaneously accompanied by the following symptoms arise: pain in the abdomen or in the upper part, smack in the back; bloating; nausea or vomiting; rapid pulse; low blood pressure; a body temperature of 37.5 degrees and above; yellowing of the whites of the eyes.
- In severe forms of acute pancreatitis, the pancreas cause irreversible damage that lead to the development of chronic pancreatitis. As a result of the disease there is an incomplete breakdown of proteins and fats, as well as malabsorption process. Not completely digested nutrients enter the bloodstream, cause allergies and toxicity. Malabsorption manifested bloating, unexplained weight loss, a significant increase in excrement, which become pale, bold colors.
Reactive pancreatitis develops against the background of acute duodenal ulcer disease, gall bladder, stomach or liver.
- Pancreatitis is able to damage the lungs, cause kidney failure, lead to the development of cysts and inflammation of pancreatic cancer. diabetes develops in the case of reducing the formation of insulin.
To diagnose pancreatitis in the early stages quite difficult. At this time, the disease is manifested by sharp pains in the abdomen, especially in its upper part; bloating or frequent rumbling in the abdomen. Or the sudden aversion to fatty foods, excessive salivation, thirst, constipation or alternating diarrhea. Usually, it is associated with food poisoning, or on the eve of the abundant use of foods and alcoholic beverages. To determine the destination of the disease and course of treatment is necessary to examine the blood and urine for the presence of pancreatic enzymes (lipase, amylase and trypsin).