Urethritis – one of the most common diseases: more than 50% of patients visiting a doctor, urologist, have symptoms of the disease. Urethritis – inflammation of the urethra, it is evident not only among men but also among women; however, it proceeds differently.
The cause of this infectious disease are always pathogenic bacteria, viruses or fungi. Urethritis in women is not as common, but its symptoms are not as pronounced. This is due to the fact that the female urethra is short and quite broad. The inflammatory process does not apply immediately on all its walls.
Depending on the specific pathogen urethritis can be specific and nonspecific. The causative agent of specific urethritis are sexual infections, and they may be a few at a time: gonococcus, trichomonas, chlamydia or mycoplasma. The cause of nonspecific urethritis is so called conditionally pathogenic microorganisms: Escherichia coli, streptococcus, staphylococcus.
How to diagnose urethritis?
The cause of both types of urethritis can be sexual contact with a carrier of infection. Wink urethritis may only after a while. The immune system of a healthy person is able to cope with the agent; in this case it is considered a carrier of infection.
Any failure will stimulate immunity to inflammation and associated symptoms. What factors contribute to the development of urethritis? enumerate:
- heavy physical activities;
- chronic illness;
- urolithiasis disease;
- eating foods that irritate the urinary tract;
- promiscuity in the choice of sexual partners.
Since the infected urine channel continuously (from the gut, through the blood to the skin), the risk of ill urethritis exists in everyone.
How shown urethritis?
Do not notice the aggravation of urethritis is impossible: there are discharge from the urethra and discomfort associated with urination (burning, cramps, pain). The symptoms of urethritis in women and men differ.
- pain with urination (burning, pain);
- urethral discharge (bloody, purulent);
- sticking urethral opening.
- bloody or yellow-green discharge from the urethra;
- redness of the opening of the urethra;
- a burning sensation in the urethra;
- pain in the lower abdomen.
In chronic urethritis exacerbation are replaced by remissions, that is, the disappearance of the symptoms. If the disease is left untreated, it will progress, covering a larger portion of the mucosa and appearing more and more severe symptoms. Over time, urethritis passes into the bladder disease (cystitis), and men – in prostatitis and orchitis. These diseases – not that other, as a complication of urethritis.
How to cure urethritis and how to avoid it?
When urethritis complaints of cramps during urination urologist refers the patient to be examined to identify the pathogen and possible complications. Drugs for treatment are selected based on the results of the research. Usually it antibiotics, immunomodulators and vitamins. Significantly increases the success of the treatment procedure of introducing the drug directly into the urethra – instillation.
So how can we avoid such diseases as urethritis? To do this:
- avoid hypothermia;
- to eat, to avoid problems with the chair;
- Avoid casual sexual contacts;
- wash with soap and genitals after intercourse.
In modern life are very common predisposing factors to the disease, so as to minimize the risk of infection, it is worth regularly pay visits to the doctor. And when it detects violations not to delay treatment. It should not be forgotten that time begun treatment makes life easier not only to the patient but also to physicians. Ideal as an option – to prevent a disease that can only be subject to the rules of sexual hygiene.